Science

Which Came First — the Rain or Rainforests?

Without the forest pumping so much water into the air, rainforests wouldn’t be as rainy. And without so much rain, the forest couldn’t pump so much water into the air.

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CREDITS
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Writing and Editing Team: Alex Reich, Henry Reich, Peter Reich & Emily Elert
Illustration and Animation: Ever Salazar
Music by Nathaniel Schroeder

Thanks to Seth Riedel for pronunciation advice!

MinuteEarth is produced by Neptune Studios LLC
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OTHER CREDITS
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Land Surface Temperature – Image by: Reto Stockli, NASA’s Earth Observatory Team
http://neo.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/view.php?datasetId=MOD11C1_M_LSTDA

Deforestation – Image by: The Earth Observatory, NASA
http://www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/WorldOfChange/deforestation.php

Amazon Droughts and Forest Fires – Image by: The Earth Observatory, NASA
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=5930

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REFERENCES
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Boyce, C.K. et al. 2010. Angiosperms Helped Put the Rain in the Rainforests: The Impact of Plant Physiological Evolution on Tropical Biodiversity. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3417/2009143

Boyce, C.K. and Lee, J.-E. 2010. An exceptional role for flowering plant physiology in the expansion of tropical rainforests and biodiversity. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/277/1699/3437.short

Lee, J.‐E., and Boyce, C.K. 2010. Impact of the hydraulic capacity of plants on water and carbon fluxes in tropical South America. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2010JD014568/full

Lewis, S.L. et al. 2011. The 2010 Amazon Drought. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/331/6017/554.short

Malhi, Y. et al. 2008. Climate Change, Deforestation, and the Fate of the Amazon. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/319/5860/169.short

Marengo, J.A. et al. 2008. The Drought of Amazonia in 2005. http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/2007JCLI1600.1

Nepstad, D. et al. 1999. Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v398/n6727/abs/398505a0.html

Nepstad, D. et al. 2001. Road paving, fire regime feedbacks, and the future of Amazon forests. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112701005114

Nickl, et al. 2010. Changes in Annual Land-Surface Precipitation Over the Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Century. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00045608.2010.500241

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