Computer

What does a GPU do differently to a CPU and why don’t we use them for everything? First of a series from Jem Davies, VP of Technology at ARM. Floating Point Numbers: http://youtu.be/PZRI1IfStY0 Why Computers Use Binary: https://youtu.be/thrx3SBEpL8 How Bitcoin Works: https://youtu.be/JyxRH18YlpA Triangles & Pixels (Graphics Playlist): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrPkEUK5iMQrQyvj9Z6WCrm http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was
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The iconic Atari 2600 VCS inspired a generation of gamers. Jason Fitzpatrick from the Centre for Computing History on arguably the worlds’ first console. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/9mvBCQTuLb8 Programming the Atari 2600 VCS: Coming Soon Centre for Computing History behind the scenes: https://youtu.be/nCAMMKsbEvw Centre for Computing History’s “Retro Tech Archive” Channel: http://www.bit.ly/C_RTA Centre for Computing History:
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Can deep learning improve your gaming experience? We have no idea but we know how it works. Dr Mike Pound on Deep Learned Super Sampling EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/4ZkrLfEIJXI https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to
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Recursion can be tricky to grasp. Professor Thorsten Altenkirch uses Python to demonstrate an example taken from his latest book. More on recursion: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrnXQ-5AfWUdnCzZOQgft1B EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/c9IH8DHDI4M Thorsten & Isaac’s Python programming book: https://bit.ly/2p3r5IT https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer
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More information on just what Terms and Conditions can contain, and what that can mean for your data and your details. Professor Tom Rodden from the University of Nottingham. Get Literatin, the T’s & C’s plug-in (for Chrome or Firefox) here: http://bit.ly/literatin Original “Terms & Conditions” film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Hb2oMlRI0I http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was
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Hitler’s High Command didn’t use Enigma, they used a faster system called Lorenz, but when Allied forces first encountered it, they had no idea what it was and code-named it ‘Tunny’ (Tuna). Professor Brailsford explains why this relates to the early days of Computer Science Next Video in this series: https://youtu.be/yxx3Bkmv3ck The Professor’s Notes: Undulator
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It’s absolutely everywhere, but what is TLS and where did it come from? Dr Mike Pound explains the background behind this ubiquitous Internet security protocol. Heartbleed, Running the Code: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dOCHwf8zVQ Secure Web Browsing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E_wX40fQwEA Network Stacks & The Internet: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PG9oKZdFb7w&t=2s https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science
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A google researcher was put on leave because he apparently believed his AI project had become sentient. Dr Mike Pound discusses. https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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Professor Brailsford on why Goto is frowned upon, and yes, we didn’t mention Dijkstra this time. Note – the Japanese characters for Eiichi Goto’s name should read: 後藤英一 Dijkstra’s Algorithm: https://youtu.be/GazC3A4OQTE https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a
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You don’t just ‘run a cipher’ – you need a mode of operation. Dr Mike Pound explains some relative to the Feistel cipher. **This video was filmed before any social distancing guidelines came into effect** EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/0abs6qfuLpg Feistel Cipher Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGhj3CGxl8I Mike’s code: github.com/mikepound/feistel https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited
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How well sorted is your algorithm? Choosing the right method to sort numbers has a huge effect on how quickly a computer can process a task. Alex Pinkney talks about two popular sorting algorithms and how they ‘scale up.’ Follow up film “Quick Sort”: http://youtu.be/XE4VP_8Y0BU Alex’s code that generated the data for the tests: https://github.com/apinkney97/Sorts
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Why all the confusion, surely SGML, HTML & XML are just different versions of the same thing? Professor Brailsford on the perils of ‘*ML’ Problems with Omitted End Tags: https://youtu.be/Ngi8Iv7mAVA http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: http://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister
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Diffie Hellman has a flaw. Dr Mike Pound explains how a man in the middle could be a big problem, unless we factor it in… Public Key Cryptography: https://youtu.be/GSIDS_lvRv4 Elliptic Curve Cryptography: Coming Soon! https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer
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In the early days the UK had its own thoughts on how email addresses should look. Dr Julian Onions was there! https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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The ‘magic’ trick of pointers to pointers – Professor Brailsford explains how what might seem complicated will actually simplify your code. (See Extra Bits video for a code walkthrough) The Professor’s Code: http://bit.ly/Computerphile_ProfBrails_TripleRef EXTRA BITS – Triple Ref Code: https://youtu.be/1s0w_p5HEuY n.b. Message from the Prof: Many thanks to all of you who have pointed out
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Surely decimal numbers are easier to understand than binary? So why don’t computers use them? Professor Brailsford explains the relationships between binary, power and simplicity. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/NlWuTYhF8KM Colossus & Bletchley Park: https://youtu.be/9HH-asvLAj4 Inside a Data Centre: https://youtu.be/fd3kSdu4W7c Steve Furber on ARM: https://youtu.be/1jOJl8gRPyQ Fishy Codes – Bletchley’s Other Secret: https://youtu.be/Ou_9ntYRzzw http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This
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Improve the efficiency of recursive code by re-writing it to be tail recursive. Professor Graham Hutton explains. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/eoi3s_4mAAc https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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Negative Binary Numbers – you may have heard of ‘signed’ numbers, but do you know how they work? Professor Brailsford explains not just how, but why we use the systems we do. Binary Addition: http://youtu.be/WN8i5cwjkSE Most Difficult Program to Compute?: http://youtu.be/i7sm9dzFtEI Floating Point Numbers: http://youtu.be/PZRI1IfStY0 http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited
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Summing up why Hamming’s error correcting codes are regarded as ‘Perfect’ – Professor Brailsford explains. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/i4zC67Yf5Iw For more background on this: https://youtu.be/1_X-7BgHbE0 http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: http://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More
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ISPs don’t always get it right – they gamble that all of their subscribers won’t use all of their bandwidth all of the time. Dr Richard Mortier explains Statistical Multiplexing. Routing & YouTube Offline: http://youtu.be/AkxqkoxErRk Network Stacks & The Internet: http://youtu.be/PG9oKZdFb7w Punch Card Programming: http://youtu.be/KG2M4ttzBnY Undecidability Series: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckpIQPv8hiHpJkSyv0fmXEYr http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was
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Removing voxels until the shape emerges. Space Carving is a kind of virtual sculpture. Image Analyst Dr Mike Pound explains how though it’s a bit rough and ready, it can be lightning fast. Rob Miles on Game Playing AI: https://youtu.be/5oXyibEgJr0 Deep Learning: https://youtu.be/l42lr8AlrHk Secure Web Browsing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E_wX40fQwEA Thanks to Rick van de Zedde, Wageningen UR
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One of the cleanest ways to cut down a search space when working out point proximity! Mike Pound explains K-Dimension Trees. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/uP20LhbHFBo https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More
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How do you pick a secure password that’s memorable but truly random? Dr Mike Pound explains Diceware The Diceware website: http://bit.ly/c_diceware (Diceware is a trademark of A G Reinhold) Another great thing to do with dice is play games 🙂 -Sean Password Cracking: https://youtu.be/7U-RbOKanYs How to Choose a Password: https://youtu.be/3NjQ9b3pgIg https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This
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We’ve all heard of web browser caches, but why does a super fast modern CPU need a cache? Because it’s too fast. Dr Steve “Heartbleed” Bagley explains. Professor Steve Furber on Building the BBC Micro: https://youtu.be/y4WG549i3YY How Computer Memory Works: https://youtu.be/XETZoRYdtkw Why Asimov’s Laws Don’t Work: https://youtu.be/7PKx3kS7f4A The Problem with JPEG: https://youtu.be/yBX8GFqt6GA http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by
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We’ve been asking “What’s your favourite (favorite) shortcut key?” as a soundcheck question (this slightly overlapped the “What’s your favourite programming language” question) for the last year. Contributors (in order of appearance) Mike Pound Matt Denton Lorraine Underwood Charles Arthur Rob Miles Adrian Page-Mitchell Derek McAuley Michel Valstar Steven Ceron Stephen Howe Steve Bagley Henry
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Websites can still be hacked using SQL injection – Tom explains how sites written in PHP (and other languages too) can be vulnerable and have basic security issues. More from Tom Scott: http://www.youtube.com/user/enyay and https://twitter.com/tomscott Follow the Cookie Trail: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LHSSY8QNvew CERN Computing Centre & Mouse Farm: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0MgJFGL5jg http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed
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Taking edges one step further with Hysteresis Thresholding – The Canny Operator explained by Image Analyst Dr Mike Pound Finding the Edges (Sobel Operator): https://youtu.be/uihBwtPIBxM How Blurs & Filters work: https://youtu.be/C_zFhWdM4ic Why Asimov’s Three Laws Don’t Work: https://youtu.be/7PKx3kS7f4A Geometric Face Recognition: https://youtu.be/BCBZPtZCI7w http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley.
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